Second, count the balls. Assume recycling. Imagine 3 pics. Before stacking (), after stacking (on), and after removal for recycling (). Imagine say 30 balls visible on the hill and in the gully in . After stacking balls on the road this number falls to say 20. Ten balls will be on the road, or more due to addition of balls from off-frame. After recycling, the ten plus road balls will be gone and possibly some additional balls from the gully, so say 15 to 20 balls visible. Compare off to on pics. If the number of balls off the road in the off pic is greater than the number of balls off the road in the on pic, then off is and it is the first picture. If the opposite if true then off is and it is the second pic. If the number is the same then we can’t say anything for sure, but haphazard recycling seems less likely.
During World War I, Russell was one of the few people to engage in active pacifist activities and in 1916, he was dismissed from Trinity College following his conviction under the Defence of the Realm Act 1914 .  Russell played a significant part in the Leeds Convention in June 1917, a historic event which saw well over a thousand "anti-war socialists" gather; many being delegates from the Independent Labour Party and the Socialist Party, united in their pacifist beliefs and advocating a peace settlement.  The international press reported that Russell appeared with a number of Labour MPs , including Ramsay MacDonald and Philip Snowden , as well as former Liberal MP and anti-conscription campaigner, Professor Arnold Lupton . After the event, Russell told Lady Ottoline Morrell that, "to my surprise, when I got up to speak, I was given the greatest ovation that was possible to give anybody".