...ds satisfy a personal demand while public goods satiate collective want. Because of its non-rivalry and non-excludability properties, provision of public goods is often criticized of how it exacerbates the free rider problem. For example, a person can benefit from a street light even if he/she does not pay the local taxes. Private goods do not exude this kind of problem. A consumer who pays for a cone of ice cream gets to eat the ice cream without being obligated to share with anyone. Common resources unlike public goods can be subject to congestion, overuse, pollution and possible destruction.
Brandeis, who had cemented his reputation as “the people’s lawyer” during his six-year crusade to prevent banker . Morgan from monopolizing New England’s railroads, was the chief intellectual architect of the New Deal. In 1933, just days after Franklin Roosevelt was inaugurated, Brandeis issued a stirring dissent in Liggett v. Lee , which struck down a Florida law designed to protect local businesses from out-of-state chains. Reading from the bench, Brandeis blamed the Great Depression on “the gross inequality in the distribution of wealth and income which giant corporations have fostered.” The government, he argued, had the right to regulate the “concentration of wealth and power” if it threatened the public welfare. Antitrust, as Brandeis saw it, wasn’t about protecting consumers—it was a way to safeguard democracy.