Economics Lesson Plans Here we include lessons and worksheets for teaching and understanding basic finance and economic concepts. Including time value of money, compound interest, supply and demand, and inflation. Introduce your students to very basic economic principles, while reinforcing other basic skills such as money recognition and math. Elementary topics also include what money is, where it comes from, and what we do with it. Earning money, spending money, and saving money. With the following lessons, and your review, students should understand goods and services, needs and wants, and the difference between producers and consumers.