BERTRAM M. GORDON
Bertram M. Gordon is Professor of European History and Chair of the Social Sciences Division at Mills College. He is a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Tourism History and the Bureau of the International Commission for the History of Travel and Tourism , and serves as co-editor of the H-Travel internet discussion network. He holds a doctorate from Rutgers University and regularly teaches a course entitled "Men, Women, and Travel: Tourism in Europe Since the Renaissance." A specialist on World War II France, he has written on war-related tourism in that country and, more recently, the emergence of "mass tourism" and Mediterranean tourism.
These masterpieces by Rossellini, De Sica, and Visconti are indisputably major works of art that capture the spirit of postwar Italian culture and remain original contributions to film language. But with the exception of Rome, Open City , they were relatively unpopular within Italy and achieved success primarily among intellectuals and foreign critics. "Back in 1942, when Vittorio Mussolini, the head of the film industry, saw Visconti's Ossessione , he stormed out of the theater shouting, "This is not Italy!" Most Neorealist films elicited a similar reaction from postwar officials. The portrait of a desolate, poverty-stricken country outraged politicians anxious to prove that Italy was on the road to democracy and prosperity. The Catholic Church condemned many films for their anticlericalism and their portrayal of sex and working-class life. Leftists attacked the films for their pessimism and lack of explicit political commitment".  In particular, De Sica was criticized for "washing Italy’s dirty laundry in public" by Giulio Andreotti, a Christian Democratic politician who was later to become one of Italy’s most powerful prime ministers.
by Darcy Paquet
1903 -- First public screening of a film in Korea (the exact year is debated).
1910 -- Korea is formally annexed by Japan, after several years of effective colonization.
1919 -- First Korean film, a kinodrama (play with motion picture inserts) named The Righteous Revenge ( Uirijeok Gutu ).
1923 -- First silent film, Plighted Love Under the Moon ( Wolha-ui maengseo ) directed by Yun Baek-nam.
1926 -- Arirang by Na Un-kyu.
1935 -- First sound film, Chunhyang-jeon directed by Lee Myung-woo.
1937 -- Japan invades China; censorship of film industry increases.
1945 -- Japan surrenders; Korea regains independence, but is soon divided in two.
1949 -- Korea's first color film, The Women's Diary by Hong Seong-gi.
1950 -- War starts on the Korean Peninsula.
1953 -- Cease-fire agreement signed at Panmunjeom.
1956 -- Box office smash Madame Freedom inaugurates industry revival.
1960 -- The Housemaid , directed by Kim Ki-young.
1961 -- Obaltan , (pictured right) directed by Yu Hyun-mok.
1961 -- Military coup leads to consolidation and heavy regulation of film industry.
1973 -- Establishment of Korean Motion Picture Promotion Corporation (KMPPC).
1974 -- Establishment of Korean Film Archive.
1979 -- President Park Chung Hee is assassinated.
1980 -- Gwangju Uprising.
1981 -- Mandala , directed by Im Kwon-taek.
1988 -- Hollywood studios open first branch offices in Korea, led by UIP.
1992 -- Marriage Story is first film financed by a member of the chaebol (Samsung).
1993 -- Democratization spreads in Korea under new president Kim Young Sam.
1993 -- Sopyonje , directed by Im Kwon-taek, sets new local box office record.
1997 -- Opening of Namyangju Cinema Complex outside of Seoul.
1999 -- Shiri , directed by Kang Jae-gyu, kicks off commercial boom.
2001 -- Local market share tops 50%, boom in overseas sales.
2004 -- Silmido and Tae Guk Gi become the first films to sell 10 million tickets.
2004 -- Oldboy wins Grand Prix (second prize) at the Cannes Film Festival.
2006 -- The Host breaks box office record and helps local market share reach 64%.