Labor was the big sticking point for Mexico, because labor abuses are among the reasons it’s cheaper to run a factory there. Company-dominated unions tend to sign company-friendly labor contracts that workers never even see; independent organizers often get beaten up or fired; and corrupt arbitration boards have been rubber stamps for the status quo. But Obama’s aides warned Mexican diplomats that they would have to commit to pass domestic reforms respecting collective bargaining, freedom of association and other internationally recognized labor rights if they wanted in on TPP. At the same time, they would have to accept binding new rules on environmental abuses like wildlife trafficking and overfishing. The . position wasn’t motivated solely by a noble desire to protect union organizers and save the earth; America already had strict labor and environmental laws, so any upgrades in TPP would help level the playing field for the United States. It was an opportunity, as Obama later explained, to “fix a lot of what was wrong with NAFTA in the first place.”
C. S. Peirce published the first full statement of pragmatism in his important works " How to Make Our Ideas Clear " (1878) and " The Fixation of Belief " (1877).  In "How to Make Our Ideas Clear" he proposed that a clear idea (in his study he uses concept and idea as synonymic) is defined as one, when it is apprehended such as it will be recognized wherever it is met, and no other will be mistaken for it. If it fails of this clearness, it is said to be obscure. He argued that to understand an idea clearly we should ask ourselves what difference its application would make to our evaluation of a proposed solution to the problem at hand. Pragmatism (a term he appropriated for use in this context), he defended, was a method for ascertaining the meaning of terms (as a theory of meaning). The originality of his ideas is in their rejection of what was accepted as a view and understanding of knowledge by scientists for some 250 years, . that, he pointed, knowledge was an impersonal fact. Peirce contended that we acquire knowledge as participants , not as spectators . He felt "the real" is which, sooner or later, information acquired through ideas and knowledge with the application of logical reasoning would finally result in. He also published many papers on logic in relation to ideas .
In the course of this enquiry I found that much more had been done than I had been aware of, when I first published the Essay. The poverty and misery arising from a too rapid increase of population had been distinctly seen, and the most violent remedies proposed, so long ago as the times of Plato and Aristotle. And of late years the subject has been treated in such a manner by some of the French Economists; occasionally by Montesquieu, and, among our own writers, by Dr. Franklin, Sir James Stewart, Mr. Arthur Young, and Mr. Townsend, as to create a natural surprise that it had not excited more of the public attention.