Racism – the belief or ideology that ‘races’ have distinctive characteristics which gives some superiority over others. Also refers to discriminatory and abusive behaviour based on such a belief or ideology. In the UK, denying people access to good and services on the basis of their colour, nationality, ethnicity, religion etc is illegal and called racial discrimination. Institutional racism (a term coined by US Black Power leader Stokely Carmichael) occurs when a whole organisation’s procedures and policies disadvantage BME people. State racism refers to the way that racism can be enshrined in laws (such as immigration legislation), in procedures (such as police stops and searches) and programmes (such as those on political extremism).
'No Longer Polymers' are a group of substances that were once considered to be polymers (and so not listed on EINECS) and were also not notified under the original (6th Amendment) NONS legislation. The introduction of a new polymer definition in 1993 led to these substances losing their polymer status, however they remained exempt from notification under NONS. To qualify as a NLP a substance must have been on the market between September 18th 1981 and October 31st 1993 (inclusive) and satisfy the requirement that they were considered polymers under the reporting rules for EINECS , but were no longer considered polymers under the 7th Amendment (92/32/EEC).