Taylor was a candidate for the social democratic New Democratic Party in Mount Royal on three occasions in the 1960s, beginning with the 1962 federal election when he came in third behind Liberal Alan MacNaughton . He improved his standing in 1963 , coming in second. Most famously, he also lost in the 1965 election to newcomer and future prime minister , Pierre Trudeau . This campaign garnered national attention. Taylor's fourth and final attempt to enter the Canadian House of Commons was in the 1968 federal election , when he came in second as an NDP candidate in the riding of Dollard . In 1994 he coedited a paper on human rights with Vitit Muntarbhorn in Thailand.  In 2008, he endorsed the NDP candidate in Westmount—Ville-Marie, Anne Lagacé Dowson . He was also a professor to Canadian politician and former leader of the New Democratic Party Jack Layton .