Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.
The next step is to present your claims and support them with relevant evidence. Make sure you've thought everything through and have enough information to cover all of the points of your argumentation. Each major claim you mention should have from 1 to 3 supporting facts or testimonials. The only way to convince a person with an opposing view is to present the undeniable facts. The best way to defeat your enemy is to use his weapon against you. The same applies in the case of academic writing as well. You can take an opposing argument and refute it. It will show your readers that you have a profound knowledge on the topic and are ready to defend your point of view no matter what.
Website overview: Since 1996 the Study Guides and Strategies Website has been researched, authored, maintained and supported as an international, learner-centric, educational public service.
Permission is granted to freely copy, adapt, and distribute individual Study Guides in print format in non-commercial educational settings that benefit learners.
Please be aware that the Guides welcome, and are under, continuous review and revision.
For that reason, digitization and reproduction of all content on the Internet can only be with permission through a licensed agreement. Linking to the Guides is encouraged!