Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

Proteins are produced through the processes of DNA transcription and translation . In protein synthesis, DNA is first transcribed or copied into RNA . The resulting RNA transcript or messenger RNA (mRNA) is then translated to produce amino acids from the transcribed genetic code . Organelles called ribosomes and another RNA molecule called transfer RNA help to translate mRNA. The resulting amino acids are joined together through dehydration synthesis, a process in which a peptide bond is formed between the amino acids. A polypeptide chain is formed when a number of amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds. After several modifications, the polypeptide chain becomes a fully functioning protein. One or more polypeptide chains twisted into a 3-D structure form a protein .

Amino acids are the structural units (monomers) that make up proteins. They join together to form short polymer chains called peptides or longer chains called either polypeptides or proteins . These polymers are linear and unbranched, with each amino acid within the chain attached to two neighboring amino acids. The process of making proteins encoded by DNA/RNA genetic material is called translation and involves the step-by-step addition of amino acids to a growing protein chain by a ribozyme that is called a ribosome . [46] The order in which the amino acids are added is read through the genetic code from an mRNA template, which is a RNA copy of one of the organism's genes .

Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

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amino acids and how they relate to athletics essayamino acids and how they relate to athletics essayamino acids and how they relate to athletics essayamino acids and how they relate to athletics essay